HYBRIT – fossil-free steel
Steel is far from being considered a sustainable material. The industry that rotates around steel generates huge CO2 emissions - 1.85 tonnes of CO2 for every tonne of material produced. Between 12% and 14% of global CO2 emissions are associated with the steel industry. However, the Swedish firm SSAB Oxelösund has come up with what they say is the world’s first fossil-free steel, produced using green hydrogen rather than coking coal, by harnessing HYBRIT (Hydrogen Breakthrough Ironmaking Technology), created by the company along with LKAB and Vattenfall in 2016. Only small objects for demonstration purposes, such as a candlestick by the designer Lena Bergström have been produced thus far. The aim is to start using it in complex industrial processes over the next few years, and the Volvo Group is the company’s first large-scale client.
Biotic – biological textiles
Dutch studio Lionne van Deursen is researching the properties and potential of biologically grown materials. Biotic is a series of biological textiles, made from bacterial cellulose, dyed using natural pigments. The bacteria feed off sugared green tea and spin nano fibres of cellulose. Once the surface layer solidifies it acquires qualities comparable to those of leather: the material produced by the microorganisms is biodegradable, extremely tough and highly flexible. The experiments carried out by Lionne van Deursen have yielded a collection of textiles of different colours, degrees of translucency and textures. The studio has designed a collection of table lamps using this material.